When reading scripture, I try to identify the person or persons receiving the message. For example, for me to better understand the message in Isaiah 55, I looked at Isaiah 1:1 and discovered that the book of Isaiah is a vision about the kingdom of Judah and the city of Jerusalem. God gave visions to His prophets, such as Isaiah.
Prophets were people God used to deliver his messages.
Israelites were God’s chosen people. This group divided forming two separate kingdoms, the southern kingdom was Judah. The city of Jerusalem where the Temple had been built was part of the area occupied by Judah. The northern kingdom was called Israel.
1 “Ho! Everyone who thirsts, Come to the waters; And you who have no money, Come, buy and eat. Yes, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price.
In this verse thirst is not a physical need for the liquid called water. Instead, thirst is referring to a spiritual need for God.
Water is often used symbolically for “eternal life” or “the Holy Spirit.” Jesus told the Samaritan women that He could give her “living water.” Jesus was saying that He could quench a person’s thirst for God. Jesus was telling the woman that He was the Messiah! (John 4:10)
Everyone who thirsts—Does all of mankind have a spiritual thirst for the living water? My understanding is that only God’s children have a spirit nature, and it is this nature that thirsts for God.
Only God’s children have a spirit nature.
It is the spirit nature that thirsts for God.
Buying without money? There is no costs for this satisfying spiritual nutrient.
This reminds me of the manna that fell from the sky each morning during the 40 years that the Israelites wandered in the desert.
The things offered are spiritual nourishment, which quenches the thirst of a spirit nature.
Christ purchased them with His own blood.
2 Why do you spend money for what is not bread, And your wages for what does not satisfy?
3Listen carefully to Me, and eat what is good, and let your soul delight itself in abundance.
The bread like the water in verse 1 refers to spiritual nutrients. The Israelites were always seeking after other Gods.
Even Solomon, who was the wisest man ever, began to collect wives from other groups of people who did not worship Jehovah (Yaweh) the one true God–it was his downfall.
The Old Testament is filled with examples of people who sought after what they desired but it did not satisfy. This is a description of a person walking in their flesh nature (Galatians 5:19-20)
Samson and Delilah are a prime example. God gave Samson extraordinary strength. The secret to his strength was his hair. He was never to cut his hair. As an Israelite, Sampson was not to marry outside his tribe, but he did. Delilah was a Philistine–she was paid money to entice Sampson to reveal the the secret of his strength. His physical desires for Delilah got the best of him and he told her the secret to his strength–which was his hair. Delilah gave him a haircut while he slept.
3 Incline your ear, and come to Me. Hear, and your soul shall live;
And I will make an everlasting covenant with you— The sure mercies of David.
Only people with a spirit nature can commune with God. Only God’s children have a spirit nature. When it pleases God, He quickens your spirit nature, and you believe in Jesus.
This verse is to remind God’s children to seek Him–to draw near to Him. Peace comes when our spirit is filled with “living water,” which comes from God.
“Draw near to God and He will draw near to you. Cleanse your hands, you sinners; and purify your hearts, you double-minded.”